Cars, trucks and buses: this is how the scenario is changing in Europe and in Italy
Electric mobility is becoming more and more talked about. This can be seen on communication platforms, from traditional paper newspapers to social media, through differentiated contents that “tell” the new technology. In addition to private users, however, the attention towards the electrical transition process is touching closely also public bodies and businesses.
In particular, the Public Administration (PA) can count on the guidelines of Directive (EU) 2019/1161 (“Amendment to Directive 2009/33 / EC on the promotion of clean and low energy consumption vehicles in road transport”). In the case of Italy, for example, the minimum targets for “green purchases public clean vehicles “(including hybrid and electric) are divided as follows:
– 38.5% by 2025 and 2030 for light vehicles;
– 10% by 2025 and 15% by 2030 for trucks;
– 45% by 2025 and 65% by 2030 for buses.
However, the situation is different for corporate fleets. Although “corporate” cars represent 60% of sales (source T&E) and cover a distance equal to 2.25 times that traveled by private cars, in 2019 the vehicles purchased were 96% petrol or diesel vehicles. The same association T&E, together with MOTUS-E and rental-leasing companies (among which Leaseplan stands out), sent a signed request to the EU to define targets with which to incentivize the conversion of existing vehicles:
– purchase of 50% of electric cars for fleets of 25 cars or more from 2025, 100% by 2030;
– purchase of 50% of light commercial vehicles and vans for fleets of all sizes from 2025, 100% by 2030;
– introduction of a legislative system that allows high-mileage fleets (e.g. taxis and car-sharing services) to become 100% zero-emission in urban areas from 2025.
Other recommendations include the revision of the regulations relating to the installation of recharging points (private for public use and private “standard”) to accelerate their implementation, such as the European charging infrastructure law (AFID – Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive ) to guarantee continuous supplies thanks to interoperability and the EPBD ((Energy Performance of Buildings Directive), to guarantee recharging at home and in the workplace. definition of awards for cities and regions that make an effort to equip themselves with charging stations also available for company fleets.
In this regard, the GSE provides a guide to evaluate the opportunity to purchase or renew the fleet with electric vehicles. Not only to know an estimate of the advantages in terms of energy and economic savings, but also to reduce the environmental impact, thanks to the lowering of CO2 emissions. Moreover, the constitution of an electrified fleet becomes even more interesting if associated with the creation of a corporate charging infrastructure (perhaps in self-consumption, with energy produced from renewable sources) allowing a flexible and “intelligent” use of the same thanks to specific management software. There are many players on the market that offer programs for the conversion of the company machinery and applications for continuous monitoring (Vodafone, Neogy, Enel X, EVWay, EV2GO, Alphabet…).
In addition to the technical aspects, those must also be kept in mind behavioral to carry out the electrical transition process. From the survey “The charge of the 102”, it emerges that 57% of company vehicles travel less than 100 km a day. A distance compatible with the autonomy of the latest generation electric vehicles. However, the cultural constraints linked to changing habits and, more generally, to the lack of knowledge of the electrical world must be overcome. Training therefore represents a strategic tool to change the situation. And you have to act quickly. The 2035, in fact, the year proposed by the European Commission as a starting point for the sale exclusively of new light commercial vehicles and cars with zero CO2 emissions, is fast approaching …