Maturity 2022: Liliana Segre, Giorgio Parisi and Oliver Sacks: what is needed for the traces of the argumentative theme

For the trace of the historical context, the text on racial lawswanted in Italy by the fascist government starting from 1938, written by former magistrate Gherardo Colombo and life senator Liliana Segre, a survivor of the Nazi-Fascist concentration camp of Auschwitz. The text exposes a profound reflection on hatred within society and on the role of the law of nature with respect to the rule of law. It is a frank and passionate dialogue between Segre and Colombo, in which the two question the differences between justice and legality, through considerations and memories of the most dramatic moments in life under the fascist racial laws. Conceived with the aim of strengthening and institutionalizing a racial discrimination already strongly present in fascist ideology, the racial laws were established to directly affect people of Jewish origin and native populations of Africa, in particular Ethiopians and Eritreans, subjected to the fascist colonial rule. Furthermore, even if only starting from 1940, the racial laws also affected the Romani people, whose members are also known as Roma or Sinti.

Finally, Oliver Sacks was a British physician, chemist, psychologist, writer and academic, who mainly dealt with neurology. Inside the book Musicofiliaproposed to the first test of Italian, the author reflects on the rrelationships between the brain, the hearing system and emotions, wondering about the power that music is able to exert on human beings. In detail, according to the description given by the publisher Adelphi, the author notes how strange it is to observe “A whole species” made up of billions of people “Listen to meaningless combinations of notes and play with them”. From this assumption, Sacks underlines how “musicophilia” is present in human beings from early childhood and is transversal to all cultures.

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The text on consequences of the coronavirus pandemic Why a Constitution of the landby the former magistrate Luigi Ferrajoli, and an extract from the book on communication at the time of social media Keep it on. Mail. Comment, share without turning off your brainby linguists Vera Gheno and Bruno Mastroianni.

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